”The Greening of Marxism,” [PDF], Environment, vol. 39, no. 6 (July/August 1997), pp. 31-32. (Book note on Ted Benton, ed. The Greening of Marxism.)
Marxism and radical ecology are both critical of the capitalist commodity economy. Nevertheless, the two traditions often seem opposed. Marxism is often identified with the official Marxism of Soviet-type societies, in which (as in the capitalist world economy) nature was seen as an external object to be used and abused for economic ends. From the first, however, Marxism had a more ecologically sensitive side reflected in Marx’s personal concern over the destruction of the soil.
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