The rise in overt militarism and imperialism at the outset of the twenty-first century can plausibly be attributed largely to attempts by the dominant interests of the world economy to gain control over diminishing world oil supplies. Beginning in 1998 a series of strategic energy initiatives were launched in national security circles in the United States in response to: (1) the crossing of the 50 percent threshold in U.S. importation of foreign oil; (2) the disappearance of spare world oil production capacity; (3) concentration of an increasing percentage of all remaining conventional oil resources in the Persian Gulf; and (4) looming fears of peak oil.
- Chinese translation by Mao Jiaqiang and Xing Yingli, Foreign Theoretical Trends (China), no. 12, 2008.
- Norwegian translation in Ødeleggelsens Økonomi (Tidsskrifter Rødt!, 2008), 75-99.
- Portuguese translation in Monthly Review, Portuguese-Language Edition (Brazil), July 2009.
- Bangla translation in Bangla Monthly Review, vol. 1, no. 1 (December 2008).
- Translated by Farooque Chowdhury; Turkish translation in Monthly Review, Turkish edition, no. 19 (Istanbul: Kalkedon, 2008).